Assessment of Shahriar Dam Catchment Water Quality for Irrigation and Domestic Purposes: Using Chemical Indices and GIS mapping, Mianeh area, South- East Azarbaijan Province


1 Department of Geology, Shahid Behshti University,Tehran

2 East Azarbaijan Regional Water Authority, Department of Groundwater Studies


      In this study , 13 samples from rivers of  Shariar  dam basin in order to assess its suitability for drinking and irrigation purposes were studied . In this way, an attempt has been made for the first time in order to determine spatial distribution of groundwater quality parameters and to identify places with the best quality for drinking and agricultural use within the study area based on:( 1 ) an integrated analysis of physicochemical parameters , ( 2 ) use of GIS and ( 3 ) water quality index  calculation. Physico-chemical results were compared with the standard values recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), the standard institutions of Iran (ISI), Turkey (TSE) and India (ISI) to assess the current quality of water for drinking and sanitation. Using GIS contouring methods, spatial distribution maps of water quality for drinking and irrigation purposes according to Schuler and wilcox  is created respectively. In order to obtain the spatial distribution of water quality parameters , An interpolation techniques, ordinary Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW), were used . Analysis of spatial patterns of water quality in the study area indicate that the southern part of  the study area has many limitations for different uses ( drinking , irrigation and industry), due to water passing through evaporative formations. But in central parts and northern regions water quality is acceptable and can be used with some care .


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Assessment  of  Shahriar dam catchment water quality for irrigation and domestic purposes using chemical indices and  GIS
mapping in Mianeh area,  South- East Azarbaijan Province.