Investigation of mineralization fluid evolution of hydrothermal vein copper deposits: Based on studies of fluid inclusions at Chah Mousa area (north of central Iran)


1 School of Earth Sciences, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran

2 Department of Geology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran


The ChahMusa region is known as the head of the mining of Toroud-ChahShirin volcanic belt which has been a source of copper mineralization for a long time. The outcroped rock units in the studied area are including tuffs and andesitic breccia, , andesitic dacite, andesitic basalts, andesites, micro-quartz diorite and gabbroic dykes. Copper carbonates are the main minerals in the region, and chalcopyrite, sphalerite, galena, bournite and covellite minerals are minor minerals in this region. Dominant alterations of the studied area are including argillic, propylitic, and calcitization. This study has been carried out on quartz and calcite minerals as syngenetic waste of sulfide minerals. The transfer of metals in the mineralizing fluids was mainly carried out by chloride complexes. As well as, eutectic data show that, there are two soluble systems probably active in the region, which is consistent with the H2O-NaCl-KCl and H2O-CaCl2-MgCl2 systems. Measured eutectic temperatures indicate that there are probably two types of fluids in the area. The performed detail temperature on the fluid inclusions of studied area indicates that the salinity of these fluids varies from 3 to 26% by weight, equivalent to NaCl, and the homogenization temperature of fluid inclusions is between 130 ° C and 470 ° C. Obtained evidence show that sulfide ore formation in this region is from epigenetic type and may have occurred under conditions epithermal. The fluid inclusions study has led to the formation of deposits as a result of boiling, cooling during the and mixing whit atmospheric waters.


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